The Research Division employs rigorous evaluation methods to assess development solutions across the Tata Centre’s focus areas in health, water & sanitation, and energy & the environment.


About the Focus Areas

Public health will be increasingly important to India’s development in the coming years. India has seen improvements in key health indicators, yet the public health system remains overburdened and many Indians do not have access to critical care. The Tata Centre aims to support cost-effective efforts to expand access to quality healthcare across India.

Water & Sanitation
The area of water and sanitation spans the use of water for agricultural and drinking purposes as well as wider sanitation practices. This focus area links a number of interrelated issues that are integral to improving quality of life and economic opportunity in India. The Tata Centre aims to strengthen water and sanitation infrastructure to support specific on-the-ground needs related to agriculture and livelihoods.

Energy & Environment
India faces a unique set of challenges in expanding access to reliable, affordable energy while also addressing the need for environmental quality that supports well being. The Tata Centre’s work focuses on testing new approaches for expanding energy access and achieving low-cost reductions in pollution.



The IHIE measures the effect of Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)—India’s first national health insurance scheme and one of the largest public health insurance programs in the world—on health and financial outcomes of above poverty line (APL) households in Karnataka. 


Mission Kakatiya Evaluation(MKE)

The MKE assesses the impact of a government project in Telangana to restore water tanks for irrigation with a focus on agricultural, environmental, and economic outcomes. 


The Urban Labs Innovation Challenge: Delhi

Through a crowdsourced competition, the Challenge pilots and tests the best local ideas to cut pollution in Delhi and meet the city’s future energy needs.


Can Disclosure Enhance Environmental Performance?

This project examines how transparency initiatives can enhance environmental compliance through a green ratings initiative for plants in Maharashtra.


The Role of Decentralized Solar in Completing Indian Electrification

This project aims to identify the price elasticity of demand for solar energy, model the nature of competition across energy sources in rural India, and evaluate the welfare benefits of solar energy for households in rural Bihar.


Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS) Evaluation

This evaluation will deploy, test, and leverage high-quality, continuous, real-time emissions monitoring to assess whether better information delivery to environmental regulators can significantly improve environmental outcomes.


Lighting Up Bihar

This project tests whether an innovative group collective incentive can be used to increase payment rates for electricity in Bihar, thus reducing distribution losses and enabling the utility to expand electricity supply.